A series of West Javanese traditional rites, from religion to birth
West Java is an area that preserves indigenous wealth. One of them is the traditional West Javanese ceremony. The traditional ceremonies owned by the province are very diverse. Starting with religion, agriculture, birth and others. The cultural heritage is preserved by the community to this day.
As a resident of West Java, it is a duty to participate in the preservation of traditional ceremonies. However, for residents of other provinces, studying the cultural heritage of West Java is a form of love for the Motherland. Cultural heritage can also be used as an educational tourist destination.
Cultural tourism can not only educate Indonesian people, but also attract foreign tourists. Through tourism, culture can be introduced to everyone in the world. The traditional ceremony is expected to be known to the wider community in order to preserve its preservation.
West Java Traditional Ceremony Bertema Religi
The traditional number one ceremony that contains religious elements is shura. This activity is completely unrelated to Ashura Day, which is generally referred to as the day of death of one of the Islamic personalities, Hussein. The grandson of the Prophet Muhammad SAW died in the case in Karbala.
The inhabitants who held the traditional West Javanese ceremony with religious nuances were the Cilacap community. The tradition of Islam is often associated with one of the prophets, namely Noah. In addition, she is also associated with Nyai Pohaci Sanghyang Sr., who is the goddess of fertility in the Javanese faith.
The tradition is held outside the home of one of the members of the community is considered capable m enyelakan ny a. Pelaksa na annya can also be located on the edge of a river, field or certain place that the inhabitants desire. These activities includemany completenesses such as sacrifices, art, sacred objects to tools for making porridge.
Another traditional ceremony with a religious theme is ngalungsur pusaka. A religious ceremony led by juru kunci is more often called kuncen. In this tradition, the objects of the heritage of the Holy Sunan Rohmat were also presented . The building continues to be preserved by local residents.
In a series of ceremonial processes, participants can see the process of bathing heritage objects. Participants can recognize what and what the legacy of Sunan Rohmat Suci’s heritage looks like in their area. These hereditary objects are a symbol of the struggle of Sunan Rohmat Kudus in the spread of Islam.
Pilgrimage within the traditional ceremonies of West Java
The first traditional pilgrimage ceremony is the rebo wekasan. The pilgrimage was generally organized by residents around the river Drajat, Cirebon. The form of activity is a visit to the tomb of Sunan Kalijaga. The implementation time is Wednesday, exactly the last week of the Shafar month according to the hijri calendar.
Wednesday’s elections of the last week of the month of Shafar have some significance. The choice was based on the idea that it was the best day to eliminate bad luck. The power thatalso accompanies the rebo wekasan is rowing racing. In general, the competition is held after the end of the traditional ceremony.
Another traditional ceremony with aJavanese-themed pilgrimage theme is ngunjung or munjung. The name of this tradition is the origin of the word kunjung, which is to make a pilgrimage and pray at the resting place of ancestors. This tradition symbolizes the gratitude of the inhabitants for the kindness that has been received so far.
The inhabitants of Indramayu, Cirebon and its surroundings generally keepthese traditions in the tombs of ancestors and religious figures respected or considered sacred. The purpose of tradition, of course, is to ask for the salvation of life. The tradition of Thanksgiving is generally followed after harvesting rice.
In this tradition, he is accompanied by performances of wayang kulit and scenes as regional art. In addition, according to the recommendation, the community also presents various special culinary products, such as tumpeng rice and other types of traditional culinary products.
A form of gratitude for God’s mercy through the traditional rites of West Java
In addition to religious themes, there are also various traditional rites that take place as a form of gratitude for the abundance of grace in living from nature. There are different kinds of community businesses that earn a living from nature, from agriculture to the sea. The community then carried out the tradition to thank nature.
The first traditional ceremony of the theme was the sea feast. The place of tradition is in Pangandaran Ciamis and Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi. In addition, it is also carried out in various coastal areas of West Java. In the mopandksanaannya, fishermen carrying sacrifices in the penh uwere previously immersed inrcantik with various decorations.
One of the offers in tradition is a buffalo head wrapped in white cloth. This offer was sunk into the sea as a symbol of sacrifice to the guardians of the sea and rejection of the hosts. The tradition takes place every year as a form of gratitude and hope for salvation in search of sustenance at sea.
The traditional West Javanese ceremony as a form of gratitude for the creator’s further favor is ngalaksa. Unlike sea parties, which are often organized by fishermen, ngalaksa is organized by farmers. This tradition is usually carried out by residents of the Ranca Kalong, Sumedang area.
The process of implementing ngalaksy consists in transporting rice to the granary using rengkong (long bamboo with holes that are commonly used to transport rice). The event is in June. An interesting point of tradition is the sound of rengkong music, which swings when walking.
Ngalaksa has the meaning of the term syukur inhabitants for the success of the harvest in agriculture. Society never forgets God’s role in the success of life. After gaining favor during the harvest, the community always performs ngalaksa as a form of gratitude to the creator.
Dat Ceremony West Java Wedding Tradition Until Pregnancy
West Java has many traditional ceremonies. In fact, at weddings there is not only 1 ceremony. Among the ceremonies at the wedding is neundeun talk. The tradition is to visit male parents to female parents in the context of friendship and to convey the intention to apply.
Then the ngalamar took place, which is a tradition in the form of visits by male parents in order to ask for a woman. In tradition, the wedding plans of the bride and groom were designed. Then the ceremony also took place, namely, the process of sending the future groom to the woman’s parents for marriage.
After the wife experiences the period of pregnancy, tingkepan is performed. The tradition is carried out after the wife is pregnant with her child for 7 months. Tingkepan from the word tingkep has a closed meaning. The thing is that the future mother is forbidden to mix with her husband until 40 days after giving birth.
The traditional West Javanese Tingkepan ceremony is often filled with recitation and bathing of a pregnant mother. In this tradition, the canistren rujak is also presented, which is a rojak consisting of 7 types or types . The mother will be bathed by the 7 closest family members by pouring seven flower waters.
With the 7th flush, eel is inserted until it touches the mother’s abdomen. The goal of tradition is to hope for the safety of the baby inthe womb. In addition, it is also to maintain the health of the mother by reducing part of the work, since the period of pregnancy is large.
Western Java has different traditions that the local community continues to maintain and preserve. Almost every aspect of life is commemorated by traditions, from marriage, pregnancy, livelihood efforts to pilgrimages in honor of ancestors. Shura porridge, rebo wekasan and sea feast are some examples of western Javanese traditional upacara.